Тема Оur Britain, is .only a small country, but every part is different. Scotland is a land of mountains, lakes and romantic castles. The
winters are cold, with plenty of snow, but the summers are often warm and sunny. Deer live in the hills, and the rivers are full of salmon. Edinburgh, Scotland's ...
Тема The uniqueness of the British as a people has long been taken granted by foreign observers and native commentators alike. Visitors from overseas,; fromVenetian ambassadors in the late fifteenth century, through intellectuals like Voltaire, to American journalists of the twentieth century, have all ...
Тема Culture of The foundation of the great schools which were named Universities was everywhere throughout Europe a special mark of the new impulse that Christendom had got from the Crusades. A new desire for study sprang up in the West from its contact with the more cultured East. Oxford and Cambridge are the ...
The origins of the cinema as we know it lie in a machine patented in 1891 by Thomas Edison - kinetoscope. This machine rotated, rapidly showing different frames, so giving the impression of a moving picture. Early films were produced solely to show off the ingeniousness of the machines that project them, and were one or two minutes long, but by early 1900s films started to tell stories. During the years of the First World War American cinema flourished and technical innovations abounded. By 1927 the use of sound on film became commercially viable and the film recognized as first successful sound movie was released - "The Jazz Singer".
Film is counted as a major mass medium because of the effect it has upon large masses of people over a relatively long period of time. In all its variations - the art film, the cartoon, the popular extravaganza, industrial showcase, educational teaching aid, the social documentary and the new genre of the television "quickie" - it has unquestionably had a massive effect upon society. In this sense, as a carrier of the culture, a changing mirror of changing times, film is unexcelled.
It was in the late 1900s that the Hollywood golden era began. With the development of commercial film-making in the early 1900s various film production companies had started up in the United States in fierce competition with each other. Many of these companies became associated with stars still popular and today, for example Charlie Chaplin, who, having native UK for the USA, became a founder in 1919 of United Artists. By the 1930s most of these studios were in financial difficulties because of the Depression. They had to make certain compromises to survive, which in part led to the development of film genre. A genre is a number of films, ... остальная часть текста, формулы, таблицы, изображения скрыты
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